How to remove lawn mower blade

If your lawn mower owner is like mine, they sometimes neglect the blade for too long. So, what? If it still cuts, I tend to forget about it. But using a lawnmower will dull the blade. And performance will deteriorate. Learn how to safely remove and sharpen a lawn mower blade for a faster, cleaner cut that uses less energy and gas (or electric power). Let’s get going; that lawn won’t mow itself!

Not The Sharpest Tool In The Shed

I’ve been guilty of cutting the lawn with a dull mower blade for the past nearly two years now. It is not necessary to have a razor-sharp edge to “cut” grass; if you whack something hard enough, it will rip apart (think “string trimmer”). However, with a dull blade, you must walk more slowly and make a second pass over taller, thicker grass, which requires more time and effort. It also increases the amount of wear and tear on the engine.
Generally speaking, it is recommended that you sharpen your blades every 20-25 hours of mowing time. The average homeowner, on the other hand, can probably get away with only sharpening their mower blades once a year unless they mow a lot. They should, however, sharpen their tools twice a year if they run over a lot of sticks, as I do (and almost always on purpose) in their daily work.

 

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You’re performing the exact same action as the starter when you manually rotate a lawn mower blade by hand. It’s understandable that you’d be apprehensive about having the engine start – or even attempt to start – while you’re mucking around in the undercarriage.
Mowers and blades are available in a variety of designs. My mower is a basic 20-inch walk-behind gas push mower with a pull starter and a side-ejection chute, which I purchased used. Yours may differ, but the same concepts can be applied to virtually any type of mower or cutting blade. There is one thing that will always be true: before attempting to remove or install a blade, you should disconnect the spark plug cable.

Tip The Mower On Its Side – The Correct Side

The gas caps on lawn mowers don’t always seal properly. So I prefer to wait until the tank is completely dry before sharpening the blade. Gas will leak onto the ground if this is not addressed.
The blade can be accessed by laying the mower on its back. Make sure the carburetor side of the engine is facing up on gas-powered mowers. Look to see if the grass is blowing out of the mower’s right side (as you stand behind the mower). Oil can seep into the air filter if the carburetor is laying on its side (and cause other problems).
While repairing a lawn mower carburetor isn’t difficult, I’m concerned that it will divert my attention away from more pleasurable forms of carbohydrate consumption, such as junk food and beer.

Removing The Blade

While you loosen (or tighten) the mounting bolt, a block of wood clamped to the housing will keep the blade from moving around.

How To Sharpen A Lawn Mower Blade

Sharpening lawn mower blades with a file or bench grinder takes longer and is more difficult. Grind the bevel, not the blade’s flat bottom. Preserve the bevel angle (usually 45°) and avoid overheating the cutting edge.
Whether you use a file or a grinder, start each pass or stroke near the blade’s center and work outward. This reduces corner catching (or rounding them over). Mulching blades have a hump in the middle of the cutting edge, but there are more contours to navigate.

 

Sharpening With A File Or Angle Grinder

Work on one of the two cutting edges first, clamping your blade to a sturdy bench. You want to keep the blade in equilibrium. Avoid sharpening one side at a time. In place of one, rotate the blade and make a small amount of progress on the other one. Keep going back and forth until the cutting edges are razor-sharp on both sides of the blade. If necessary, reapply marker.

Using the right side of the grinding disc (the side that faces me) on an angle grinder reduces the risk of the blade catching on it. However, my left-handedness may make me biased. Don’t be afraid to try new things. Keep an eye on things and make sure the blade is securely clamped.

Burr – Cold, Hard, Sharp Steel

If a ding is particularly bad, it’s often best to deviate from the cutting edge a little to fix it. A wavy, sharp edge consistently outperforms a straight, blunt one. Keep as much of the original shape as possible, but don’t spend half the blade trying to achieve the perfect edge. Keep in mind that any amount of material you remove from the blade’s cutting edge must be mirrored on its opposite end.
You may also end up with a burr on the back of the blade from your sharpening efforts. The angle grinder or a flat file angled nearly flat against the back of the blade can be used to quickly remove it. There’s a lot of value in a quick deburring.

Keeping Your Lawn Mower Blade In Balance
Before reinstalling you

See more : Best lawn mower for hilly yards

 

Infrared Oven: What is It, How it Works & More?

Infrared Oven, things need to know!

Today’s ovens come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including convection ovens, toaster ovens, microwave ovens, and more. The infrared oven is one of the less well-known.

We’ll go over what an infrared oven is, how it works, and how it compares to a convection oven in this post.

What is the difference between an infrared oven and a conventional oven?

An infrared oven, like a convection oven or toaster oven, is a kitchen equipment that may be used for cooking and baking. It heats the meal using a technique known as infrared radiation.

Microwave radiation has a shorter wavelength and a higher frequency, while infrared radiation has a longer wavelength and a higher frequency. It has a wavelength that is longer than visible light.

Infrared ovens are typically tiny, similar to a toaster oven, however bigger infrared ovens are available. Other forms of heat are used in conjunction with infrared in certain infrared ovens.

Related:

What Is an Infrared Oven and How Does It Work?

Heat is generated by energy waves in an infrared oven. These energy waves are focused on the food within the oven. Instead of heating the air surrounding the food, the infrared oven directs the energy to the food itself using reflectors.

There are zones in certain infrared ovens, each with its own infrared light. You can cook various items at once and have them all ready at the same time by managing separate zones within the oven.

Is it Safe and Healthy to Use an Infrared Oven?

Food cooked in infrared ovens is healthful and safe to consume. Because these ovens employ infrared radiation, they may reach very high temperatures, therefore exercise care while using them, particularly when removing food from the interior.

Inside the oven, shields and reflectors deliver infrared light to the food while simultaneously protecting the customer. Because of the brightness, it is not suggested that individuals stare at the light or stand directly in front of the oven for long periods of time.

Infrared vs. Convection Oven

The way food is heated is the fundamental difference between a convection oven and an infrared oven. Convection ovens use a fan to circulate heated air over the meal, which subsequently warms the food. The energy from an infrared oven is directed directly to the food rather than the air surrounding it.

Convection ovens are less energy efficient than infrared ovens. They’re designed to heat up rapidly and cook meals quickly, cutting down on the length of time the oven uses electricity.

Because infrared ovens are often smaller than convection ovens, they are more energy efficient. They are suitable for kitchens with limited space because to their tiny size. Because they don’t utilize a fan, infrared ovens are also quieter than convection ovens.

When it comes to cost, both convection and infrared ovens might be comparable. Infrared ovens are smaller than convection ovens, but they are highly strong. They are not yet as ubiquitous as convection ovens. As a result, their cost is comparable to that of a bigger convection oven.

It’s time for some high-tech cooking!

An infrared oven might be an excellent option if you want to explore a new style of cooking. These multifunctional machines might be useful for quickly making whole meals.

If you want to need more information, please see here.

What is a low pass filter?

Low pass filters are frequently mentioned while dealing with an equalizer. A low pass appears to be nothing more than another equalization function at first glance.

When you begin working on songs and all of its parts, this changes dramatically, as you may discover that this is the only function you utilize in a song.

Using the low pass filter as a beginner music producer may appear straightforward at first. After all, with an equalizer, the low pass filter is the first thing you must master.

Despite the fact that there is a lot to learn, knowing how to use a low pass filter will allow you to clean up the high end and go on.

Because of the sheer quantity of data that is presented at you when you first start mixing, it may be perplexing at first. Everything will make sense and fall into place if you grasp what ideas are being used throughout the mixing phases.

To sweep from right to left, a low-pass filter is utilized. It aids in the cleaning of a frequency spectrum’s upper reaches. The low pass can be used to clear up the high end of a track that isn’t needed. This ensures that the music is free of harsh high-end noises.

Knowing that a low pass filter is vital for music production and equalization is one thing, but understanding how they operate and how they’re utilized to make a song shine can go a long way toward helping anybody who wants to study equalization.

I’ll explain the low pass filter and how to apply it in this post. So, how about we get started?

What is the difference between a low pass and a high pass filter?

A low pass filter, also known as a high cut filter, is a filter that reduces the amount of information that passes through it. It goes from right to left, slicing the upper end. The low pass filter is useful for instruments with excessive white noise at the high end of the frequency range.

If you’re using a low pass to make tiny changes, make sure the total gain dB is less than 6, else you’ll wind up raising the master volume, which might cause clipping.

When you’re creating a song’s rhythm, low pass filters will come in helpful. When you’ve got a lot of bass-heavy components to mix, a low pass filter is frequently the first thing that comes to mind.

Most of the issues in the components that have been introduced to the song will be cleaned up as a result of this. Reverb and vibration from the instrument’s components or the recording environment are usually present at the high end of a drum element.

When drums are employed in a commercial song, this is not a good thing to happen. A low pass filter applied to each bus strip of a mixing board is the best technique to apply it to a large number of components. As a result, the track will be thoroughly cleaned.

Can a low pass filter be used in a variety of situations?

Low pass filters may be utilized in practically every instrument or vocal, depending on the track’s requirements. Let’s take a look at each track piece to see how it should be utilized.

For female vocals, the low pass filter is generally unnecessary. This is due to the fact that a female vocal’s high treble portion contains the majority of the intricacies and information.

If low pass is used, it will remove vital detail from the high end by cutting the high and allowing the low end to shine through. Vocals, on the other hand, are frequently filtered with a high pass filter.

When there is more information at the bottom end of a piano or other instrument, a low pass is utilized. Bottom pas is used if a music producer wants to keep the low end intact while cutting the high end information.

The bottom end of the frequency spectrum is quite important in drums. The lower end is always kept, whereas the upper end is removed. This may not be the case with other drum parts, such as high hats, when the full information is contained in the high frequency range.

When it comes to bass, a cut around 19 kHz is usually applied to eliminate squeaky bass guitar sounds and enable just the nice tones to shine through. A low pass filter with a tapered edge is typically used to achieve this strong cut at 19 kHz.

A low pass is not utilized to clean up the low end on strings; instead, a high pass is employed.

 

What is a low pass filter and how does one utilize it?

Setting the Q value in the equalizer (the gain level at the borders of the tapering point) is the first step in using a low pass filter. The frequency cut-off of a low pass filter begins at the tapering point.

It’s time to start looking at the element that will be subjected to the low pass filter once you’ve set the Q value in the equalizer.

It will choose whatever frequency from the spectrum you want to remove depending on the ingredient. Sweep the curve from right to left until you reach the required frequency once you’ve decided what you want to delete.

When creating a low pass filter, it’s crucial to ensure that the filter may cut strongly or even have a slope in its curve. The Q value chosen at the beginning of the low pass filter application procedure can help with this.

You may always go back in time and reverse the frequency spectrum requirements of the music. If the filter curves aren’t tuned appropriately, they’ll increase a much in the master recording.

When you’ve mastered the low pass filter, go on to the high pass, as the only difference between them is their working frequency ranges in the spectrum.

How can I determine whether I have a high or low pass?

It is a high pass filter when the filter goes from left to right. It permits the transmission of higher frequencies. It’s a low pass filter if the filter goes from left to right. It permits the transmission of lower frequencies.

 

What is the function of a low pass filter?

The high-end abrasive sounds in instruments and voices are cleaned up using a low pass filter. This filters out unwanted noises from a song’s or audio track’s high-frequency range.

How is music affected by a low pass filter?

When you shift a low pass filter from right to left, the treble in the music gradually disappears. In the low range, you’ll just hear bass. This is used to reduce the harshness of drums and bass at the mix’s top.

How does a low pass filter’s gain get calculated?

With the aid of the q value in the equalizer, the gain value of a low pass filter may be computed. The q value determines the amount of amplification applied across a specific frequency range. Because the computations are too complicated to conduct separately, all equalizers now include the gain value.

Finally

If utilized correctly in a mixing session, a low pass filter may save a music producer a lot of headaches. Learning to utilize a low pass filter first will give you a better understanding of how the filters in an equalizer interact.

Don’t be irritated if you don’t know how to perform anything; equalization is a very wide concept. Instead, spend your time studying new topics before returning to this one.

 

How tight should skateboard wheels be

You can choose from a wide variety of skateboard wheels in a variety of styles and colors. Nothing on your skateboard has as much of an effect on how you travel, roll, and turn as your wheels.
Speed-seekers would agree that narrow skateboard wheels perform so much better and provide more stability than their broader counterparts. How tight should skateboard wheels be? That’s what I’m going to tell you in this article. To what extent does your answer rely on your riding style, skill level, and other factors like security and comfort? See down for more information.
In the end, it’s up to you how tight you want your skateboard wheels to be.
Skateboard wheels can be adjusted in a variety of ways for a better riding experience, and there are advantages and disadvantages to each option. After all, it’s nearly hard to have the optimum wheel alignment without sacrificing one benefit in favor of another.
If you want the best possible performance and handling, you should keep your wheels snug, but not so tight that they become immobile. More fluidity is provided by loose wheels, which make it easier to turn and navigate.

Here are the reasons why you should consider tightening your wheels:

Exceptional Acceleration
It’s impossible to deny that tight wheels are fast, smooth, and capable of reaching mind-boggling speeds. This will allow you to better regulate your speed, which will result in a more enjoyable and exciting ride.
Tight wheels not only allow you to cruise and freeride at amazing speeds, but they also allow you to alter your riding style. Skateboarding’s versatility is one of its most appealing features.
Rear-End Collision When your wheels make contact with your skateboard, Bite Wheel bite engages and brings an abrupt halt to your progress. As a result, you run the risk of falling or being knocked off your board. This is extremely dangerous and could result in catastrophic injury. At the conclusion of the day, don’t forget to tighten your safety gear.
A more secure ride is made possible by tighter wheels that stay in position and lower the likelihood of friction.
Stability like no other
Stable and secure rides are made possible by tight wheels. Even if you’ve been riding for a long time and have mastered the basics, tighter wheels will safeguard you by distributing your body weight more evenly.
Your ride will be more stable, and you’ll be able to do everything you want with greater confidence.

 

While tightening your wheels comes with exciting benefits, here are the drawbacks:

Turning Radius Restriction
Wheels that are too tight make it difficult to turn and steer quickly. It’s difficult to make tight twists and curves when your vehicle has little maneuverability. Your journey will be less enjoyable if you have trouble adjusting the tension of your wheels.
If your skating style necessitates a high degree of mobility and adaptability, you’ll want to keep your wheels at a looser setting. For your own safety, be careful not to loosen up too much.
Tricks are incompatible with this.
Tight wheels make it tough to do tricks since they inhibit your fluidity. A trick or two may require a little more effort from you, such as pressing down on the tail of your skateboard.
Alternatively, you can loosen your wheels a little to make making stunts more fun! Then, when riding more lightly, you can loosen your wheels.
For Landing, It’s a Little More Tense.
On loose wheels, landing slightly awry is far more comfortable for the feet and ankles. If your skateboard has tight wheels, you’ll need to exert additional pressure on it to keep it from veering off course. The tighter your wheels, the more difficult it is to achieve a smooth landing.

 

Although these drawbacks seem discouraging, tight wheels will work to your advantage when you do these activities:

Bumper-to-Bumper
Increasing your downhill speed and stability are both enhanced by tightening your wheels when going downhill. This improves the ride’s smoothness and control, making it more enjoyable.
Tightness is a matter of personal preference and ability level, therefore there is no one-size-fits-all answer. However, as a rule of thumb, keeping it within 70%-80% is advisable.
Skateboarding down a ramp.
If you want to make it down a skate ramp quickly and safely, your wheels must be extremely fast and sturdy. Wheel bite and speed wobbles can occur if the tires aren’t tight enough. This results in a more comfortable and secure journey.
If you’re anything like us when it comes to flexing moves on the skate ramp, you’ll want to keep your wheels reasonably tight.
Flipping Your Skateboard
Every skateboarder’s dream is to master the art of flipping their board. This stunt is pulled off by rotating the board around a horizontal or vertical axis. In order to perform this feat successfully you may need to tweak your wheels.
Finding a balance between slack and tight wheels is the greatest way to ensure a safe and solid landing that’s gentle on the ankles. This will allow you both the fluidity and stability required to perform the trick successfully.

How To Tighten Your Skateboard Wheels

Now that you know how to tighten your skateboard wheels, it’s time to learn how to customize your wheels to your riding style, comfort level, and skill level. To the surprise of many, it’s not as difficult of a task as many believe. All you need is a 12-inch socket or wrench to complete the task.
Using your wrench or socket, tighten or loosen the Nyloc nut on the axle. To check if you’ve made the correct adjustment, grip one of the wheels and shake it. Tighten the wheel if it wobbles sideways.
A rattling sound is a clear warning that your wheels are too loose, and you should fix them immediately. Wheels that don’t fit snugly contribute to sloppy steering. This should be fixed by tightening the axle nut.
You may check your wheels’ tension by spinning one of them – if it doesn’t move for a long time and then suddenly stops, you might want to loosen them up a bit.
For additional information on how to customize your wheels to fit your riding style, see this video and the related Reddit forums:

Conclusion

The solution to the question “How Tight Should Skateboard Wheels Be” is based on the fact that wheels are an incremental portion of a skateboard. When making modifications, keep the following things in mind:
Level of expertise
Riding in a fashionable manner
Comfort and safety
Another thing worth highlighting is the use of high-quality polyurethane wheels from respected companies that are long-lasting and durable.
It’s a good idea to spread the word about this article if you find it useful. Comment below if you’d like to share your ideas!

How to connect a wireless microphone to an amplifier

Here, we will show you how to connect a wireless microphone to a speaker.

When we talk about hand-held microphones, that must be clear. When you have a wired microphone, you usually need an amplifier to make it work.

Work with a transmitter and receiver in most cases

Yes, you can plug in a microphone.

No, you can’t. Now, a wireless handheld microphone will have a transmitter built in, and it will connect to a receiver to boost the sound.

If you want to use other microphones, you will need a cable called XLR.

Connect your XLR cable to the bottom of your microphone. Then, connect it to the pre amp.

Do you need to use an amplifier with a mic?

If you want to use a microphone, you might need a pre-amp.

The electrical signal that comes from a microphone is very low-pitched, making it too low-pitched to record. This is called mic level.

In order to record, the mic level signal is sent through a mic pre-amplifier.

To record, you need a pre-amp. It boosts mic levels to line levels, which is a more powerful and bigger signal that can be used for recording.

Most recorders and interfaces have built-in recorders, so you don’t need to buy a pre-amp if you don’t want to.

What do you need to have a wireless microphone?

In order to use a wireless microphone system, you will need a microphone, a transmitter, and a receiver, as well as other things.

With a wireless microphone, the electrical signal from the microphone goes to the transmitter, and the transmitter turns the signal into radio waves so that it can be heard.

Wireless hand-held microphones will be the subject of this discussion, as you will see in the text below.

The transmitter is usually inside of the microphone, but it can be outside of it.

That’s how things will work: First, the microphone sends a sound signal. The transmitter converts the signal into a radio wave. The transmitter sends this signal to a receiver, which turns the radio waves into an electrical signal that can be sent to a sound system and amplified.

Is it possible to use a wireless mic with any receiver?

The short answer is no.

Wireless microphone systems are usually sold as a set. So, it’s likely that a receiver or transmitter made by one company won’t be the same or work with one made by another company.

This could even be true for different products made by the same company.

Different frequencies make it impossible for two devices that broadcast on different frequencies to work with each other.

When you use a wireless microphone, keep in mind that you can only use one transmitter and one receiver at the same time.

There can only be one active mic-transmitter at a time for a wireless receiver to decode.

But you can use one or the other, as long as only one transmitter is running at a time.

How do you set up a wireless microphone to work?

There will be a “101” on wireless microphones in this part.

There are a lot of different types of wireless microphones, and they all work in a different way The price of some is less than 100 dollars, while others cost more than a few thousand dollars or even more.

There is a good chance that the type of wireless system that you use will depend on what you are going to be doing.

One of the most important things to think about is whether or not you will be using the microphone as part of a job.

In other words, does the microphone help you make money? You should do this because if you are making money from the microphone, your audience will expect a certain level of professionalism from you.

A microphone should not cut out during a show or let other frequencies come through. This is important.

There is nothing worse than hearing someone talking on another wireless system that has nothing to do with what you are trying to promote. This is one of the worst things that could happen.

When you use a hand-held microphone, it has a transmitter built in.

When you open a hand-held microphone, you will see that the part that picks up your voice is at the top.

Receivers

When talking about wireless microphones, another thing that needs to be talked about is the receiver.

In other words, when you speak, you send an audio signal through the handheld microphone. The receiver takes that signal and turns it into a format that can be played through a speaker or a PA system.

In general, there are a wide range of receivers from single to dual, but there will not be a lot of talk about that.

Non-diversity

Non-diversity only has one antenna. A lot of times, the antenna will be built into the receiver, and you won’t be able to see it at all.

Diversity

Diversity has two antennas. Here, you see two parts that are made to receive RF frequencies and send them to the receiver so that they can be turned into sound.

In real life, there are many different kinds of people.

There are many types of wireless microphone systems out there, but this is the best one out there. Here, you have two antennas, which is a lot like normal diversity, but the antennas work on their own and do not work together.

Useful: If you have two antennas that do the same thing, then if one can’t pick up a signal, it’s likely that the other one can’t pick up a signal, too.

There are two antennas that work independently of each other, which means that if one of them doesn’t work as it should, the other one can do the job and your system can be more stable.

A lot of wireless microphone systems use VHF and UHF. There are also digital systems, which use a lot less electricity.

I think the UHF wireless microphone system is great.

This is because UHF has a much wider frequency range than VHF. This is why.

A 502 MHz range is used by UHF.

VHF frequency range is between 89 and 216 MHz, which is a range of 127 MHz in frequency.

A UHF system is better than a VHF system because you can trust it more than you can with VHF.

It’s important for professionals to have a wide range of frequencies, so I think UHF would be the best one for you!

I don’t think you should buy a microphone that has a set range of frequencies, though.

This is because if you have frequency interference, then you won’t be able to change the frequency at all.

It’s actually like listening to a radio station that suddenly changes to another station that talks in a different language, and you can’t change the frequency back.

Can Headphones Cause Hair Loss

Can Headphones Cause Hair Loss

Hair loss can occur as a result of overuse of headphones.

Traction alopecia is the medical term for this condition.

Your hair is being pulled out of its roots when the headphones are too tight.

Rare as it may be, headphone-induced hair loss can be remedied.

The short answer may have given you pause, so allow us to put your mind at ease.

Why Do Headphones Cause Hair Loss

Since when has a headphone band not been adjustable?

If that’s the case, you’re well aware of the aggravating nature of such situations.

The headphones either don’t fit properly or they’re too tight.

When the band is too tight, your hair will be pulled.

Long-haired men and women can relate to this.

Pony tails have the same impact as a pair of headphones that are too tight.

The brand’s friction causes the hair to be yanked out of its roots.

You lose hair because the band you’re listening to is yanking at it, in other words.

Traction alopecia is the medical term for this condition.

Alopecia Traction

Traction alopecia is a condition in which you lose hair because you pull it so hard that it falls out.

A powerful headache is a sign that something is wrong, which is why it’s so uncommon.

As a result, it’s easy to spot

You’ll also learn what’s causing your headache.

Wearing your hair in a ponytail, braids, or bun on a regular basis might cause hair loss.

It’s extremely treatable if found early.

You can’t undo the damage if you ignore it for a long time.

Traction alopecia can be caused by using headphones.

There are only a handful of cases where someone’s condition worsens as a result of wearing headphones.

Mostly due to the fact that today’s headphones come with an adjustable headband.

Those that develop it, on the other hand, deliberately wear headphones with a tight fit.

When recording, musicians are more likely to use headphones that aren’t properly secured.

Or maybe it’s just a fan of the style of headphones in question.

It’s important to keep in mind that in order to experience hair loss as a result of using headphones, one must make this practice a habit.

How To Avoid Losing Hair From Headphones

Now, I’m not saying that you should be alarmed in any way.

Most of you, I’m sure, have headphones with a resizable strap.

It’s also common sense to place the headphones so they don’t tug your hair.

Placing The Band At The Back Of Your Head

In order to avoid hair loss via headphones, this is one of the simplest and least-exhaustive ways to do so.

Traction alopecia is something that many people do without even knowing it.

They prefer it since it’s more familiar to them.

In place of your headband, position it at the back of your head.

As a result, the band has no momentum.

Hanging out behind you.

Your ears are still covered by the speakers.

It doesn’t matter if the band is adjustable or not.

Some people dislike the weight on their ears that comes with these types of headphones, therefore they choose not to wear them.

The cans are dragging you down since the band is dangling from the back of your head.

Choose Headphones With An Adjustable Band

Simple as it may be, an adjustable band serves a significant purpose.

The band can be lowered or raised at your discretion.

You can loosen the headphones if they’re too tight.

However, you don’t want to make them overly flimsy.

A pair of headphones that aren’t too tight or too loose won’t chafe against your head.

Models with a fixed band are rare these days, if they can even be found at all.

With an adjustable band, the most common model is used by the majority of people.

Get a new pair of headphones if you have headphones like this and they’re ripping your hair.

Switch To Earbuds

Earbuds are my go-to device while I’m out and about.

I use Bluetooth earbuds while I’m not gaming.

Moving around is made much easier because there is no weight on the head.

Most significantly, there was no band to pull my hair with.

I propose upgrading to Bluetooth earbuds if you’re concerned about acquiring traction alopecia.

1 Don’t Use Headphones Excessively

Traction alopecia is quite uncommon.

To make matters worse, you’ll have to wear headphones that are constantly tugging at your hair.

The amount of time you spend each day wearing headphones is also important.

Using a hair straightener for just an hour a day should not cause hair loss.

So, if your headphones are causing your hair to stand on end, it’s time to cut back on their use.

Long gaming sessions cannot be accomplished while wearing headphones of the style.

FAQs

To Prevent Hair Loss, May I Wear a Cap Over My Headphones?

Wearing a hat can be beneficial.

Obviously, only if the cap isn’t tugging your hair.

Keep the band loose, and don’t cinch it too tightly.

Make sure your hair isn’t being yanked or tugged on.

Use Headphones Without Getting My Hair All Wrinkled

Place the headphone strap towards the back of your head to avoid tangling your hair.

In this position, the band is hanging in the back, away from your hair.

Dropping the band all the way to the neck is a popular style choice for certain women, but it is not for everyone.

Make sure it doesn’t feel like a burden in your ears and find what works for you.

The Final Words

I believe this post has answered all of your questions.

To summarize, traction alopecia can be caused by headphones in theory.

In this case, daily use for more than two and a half hours would be considered excessive use of the headphones.

 

What is fingerboarding?

What is fingerboarding?

A fingerboard is a miniature skateboard that functions like the real one.

With the help of their middle and index fingers, skateboarders may replicate and replicate skateboarding’s most basic moves and tricks on the sidewalk surfboard.

Everything that a regular-sized skateboard has is on a fingerboard.

Besides the tape and the deck material, there are also bushings and wheels and trucks that may be swapped out.

Fingerboards are typically 3.9 inches long (100 millimeters) and 1 to 1.3 inches width (26 to 34 millimeters) in size.

Fingerboards and real skateboards have a scale ratio of about 1:8.

Fingerboarding is the subject of a number of works.

The following publications are a good place to start if you want to master the fundamentals, such as tricks and riding methods.

Don’t miss out on “Fingerboard Tricks Made Easy,” “Fingerboard Tricks: The Complete Handbook,” and “Build Your Own Fingerboard Skatepark”

It’s also possible to perform an ollie like on a normal skateboard.

The History of the Fingerboard

It is believed by historians that Lance Mountain developed and first played on a smaller form of the contemporary skateboard.

In Powell Peralta’s 1985 video “Future Primitive,” the Bones Brigade skateboarder introduced the fingerboard to the world.

During the video’s fourth chapter, Mountain skates a fingerboard in a metal double-bin sink surrounded by astonished buddies while practicing his contest runs.

Cardboard, coffee stirrers and Hot Wheels axles were used to make the first skate toy

A decade after the toy’s initial release, mass production began despite the toy’s immediate appeal and immediate impact.

The marketing potential of miniature skateboards for skate brand logos was first explored by Spin Master, a Canadian toy business, in the late ’90s with the launch of its Tech Deck label.

Fingerboards and tech decks quickly became interchangeable terms in the world of skateboarding and snowboarding.

A single brand of finger skateboards sold over 20 million units in the late 1990s.

More and more companies began to enter the market, including Super Mini Boards and Deluxe Finger Banger Boards as well as Buckledown and Berzerk.

The fingerboard craze swiftly spread beyond the skateboard market’s boundaries.

Wal-Mart, Toys ‘R Us, and a slew of other big retailers soon began stocking the miniature surfboards.

At any case, it’s safe to claim that Lance Mountain’s use of small skateboards was influenced by 1960s home-made fingerboards before being extensively sold as keychains in skate and gift stores.

The truth is that fingerboards sparked the interest in skateboarding in many X and Y generation kids and Millennials.

A-Team, ATM, Birdhouse, Black Label, Blind. Chapman, Element, G&S. Gullwing, Grind King. Flip. Hook-Ups. Maple. New Deal. New School; Santa Cruz. World Industries. Zero. Zoo York. These early fingerboard market participants featured brand license logos from the most prominent sports firms.

These companies reaped the benefits of free publicity as well as royalties from each fingerboard sold.

Fingerboard competitions suddenly drew throngs of participants and onlookers.

Since the word “fingerboard” has been used as a generic term or trademark, there have been conflicts and litigation over its use.

McDonald’s Happy Meals used to come with fingerboard toys in them.

Skating craziness eventually faded away as time went by.

Fingerboards became collectible toys and inexpensive goods that could be purchased at any store and even given away as freebies by skate shoe and clothing manufacturers.

Fingerboarding Is Not Dead

In Europe, Asia, and the United States, the fingerboard scene is thriving.

Workshops, fairs, and competitions are held on a regular basis.

It was Martin Ehrenberger who came up with the concept for the first of many Fast Fingers competitions in the year 2000.

As the tournament expanded, it was introduced in 2008 as the Fingerboard World Championship, making it the most prestigious small skating event in the world.

Inexpensive toy fingerboards have been on the market since the mid-2000s

Due to the popularity of these little, four-wheeled toys, manufacturers in the fingerboard business jumped at the opportunity to expand their product offerings.

Hundreds of items and extras are now available to assist you in creating the ideal modular fingerboard skatepark and simulating your favorite street skating location.

Doing a simple online search will reveal beginning kits, entire boards, special editions, halfpipes, and ramp sets, as well as a variety of other essential items such as tuning tools, fingerboard completes, replacement parts, and more..

To bring the outdoor skateboarding experience indoors, you’ll find everything you need here.

Quality skating miniatures are still being produced by several fingerboard makers.

Fingerboards, hardware, playgrounds, and portable parks are all made by firms including Yellowood, Tech Deck, Teak Tuning, Lowpro, Berlinwood, Pro Fingerboards, Planktoon, and Skull.

As a 3D model for simulating and better understanding how to land real-life tricks and moves, fingerboarding is an effective training tool for skateboarders.

As a result, even though fingerboarding is a popular pastime, there is a thriving professional fingerboarding scene.

Seemore: what is pushing mongo

The relentless unforeseen

The relentless unforeseen

Philip Roth’s altered image of America’s past in The Plot Against America is a stroke of genius, says Blake Morrison
The Plot Against America by Philip roth

 

When the hubristic, newly elected US president boasts of America’s invulnerability to foreign attack, the sense of imminent calamity is overwhelming. The title invokes 9/11, but the novel is set 60 years ago. The plot against America isn’t Islamic but homegrown (with a little assistance from Germany). And instead of reconstructing real historical events, as David Hare does in Stuff Happens, Philip Roth offers something bolder: a reconstruction of imagined events, a “what if…?” that reads like a “what really happened”.

Just suppose…that the air hero Charles Lindbergh, the man who made the first solo transatlantic flight in 1927, who earned huge sympathy when his baby son was kidnapped and murdered five years later, who called Hitler “a great man” and was decorated by order of the Führer for his services to the Reich, just suppose that he’d taken up Republican invitations to run for president in November 1940, and milked the isolationist sentiment that undoubtedly existed then (No more war! Never again will young Americans die on foreign soil!), and that instead of Roosevelt being elected for an unprecedented third term and taking America into Europe to fight the Nazis, Lindbergh won a landslide victory. And then he signed non-aggression treaties with Germany and Japan, and set about realising his vision of America as a land of the brave and blond, and introduced a set of anti-semitic measures which, if not on the scale of Hitler’s pogroms, were a betrayal of the rights and liberties enshrined in the constitution and yet, such was the young president’s charisma, they were accepted by the mass of ordinary citizens and even by some prominent Jews.

Just suppose…that the princes in the Tower hadn’t been murdered, that Britain had remained a republic after Cromwell, that America had turned fascist in 1940. In most hands, “just suppose” is a parlour game, a high-table diversion, whimsical and ultimately trivial. Not with Roth. His stroke of genius – and, given the extraordinary late blooming of an already illustrious career with American Pastoral, I Married a Communist and The Human Stain, the word genius doesn’t seem excessive – is to bed his little fantasy in the rich soil of his own childhood in Newark, New Jersey, and watch it grow. The narrator is Philip Roth, aged seven, and the family at the book’s centre are his family – father Herman, mother Bess and brother Sandy. The Roths understand the threat posed by Lindbergh, as do their Jewish neighbours, but each member of the family responds differently. Early on, there’s a trip to see the sights of Washington, where the Roths find their pre-booked hotel room has become mysteriously unavailable. A blatant case of anti-semitism, Herman shouts, and a violation of the Gettysburg principle that “All men are created equal”. But his loudmouth protests embarrass Bess and silence their voluble tour-guide. Already there’s a pressure to pretend not to see what’s going on. Further frictions arise when, under the auspices of a scheme called “Just Folks”, Sandy disappears for the summer for an “apprenticeship” with a Kentucky tobacco farmer. A talented young artist, he returns with a portfolio of animal sketches – and a sudden enthusiasm for Waspish, heartland values. Worse, he’s co-opted by the OAA (the Office of American Absorption) to encourage other Jewish city boys to follow his example – and does it so well that through his aunt, Bess’s sister Evelyn (whose boyfriend, Rabbi Bengelsdorf, is a passionate supporter of Lindbergh), he’s invited to a reception at the White House. A fierce row ensues, with Herman refusing Sandy permission to attend and Evelyn and the rabbi defending Lindbergh as a freely elected democrat “who has exhibited not a single inclination towards authoritarian rule”.

In noisily denouncing Lindbergh, Herman is made to feel like a “frightened, paranoid ghetto Jew”. Paranoia is a common issue with Roth’s narrators, who’re frequently told they’re imagining or exaggerating things – there’s a memorable scene in The Counterlife, when a woman in a London restaurant complains to the waiter of the terrible smell in the place and the hero, Nathan Zuckerman, tells his disbelieving gentile wife “I am that stink”.

The thesis of The Plot Against America is paranoid, too – a fascistic US government suspending civil liberties and persecuting minorities deemed a threat to security. Paranoid and yet (even without any allusion to America post-9/11) utterly plausible. To make alternative history credible, you have to register the incredulity of those it’s happening to. “We knew things were bad,” Herman tells friends after his hotel experience in Washington, “but not like this. You had to be there to see what it looked like.” Later, after Von Ribbentrop is warmly greeted at the White House, Herman says: “If I didn’t see it with my own eyes, I’d think I was having a hallucination.” Or later still:”It can’t happen here? My friends, it is happening here.”

What unfolds requires some tweaking of the historical record – the postponement of Pearl Harbor by a year, for instance. But so inevitable is the march of events that this is all it seems, a tweak. It helps that we see things through the eyes of a child. The man the child became can look back at what was lost (“that huge endowment of personal security I had taken for granted as an American child of American parents in an American school in an American city in an America at peace with the world”), but the child, in medias res, is preoccupied by matters other than politics: his stamp collection, for instance; or how his Aunt Evelyn, holed up in the cellar, will get through the night without access to a toilet; or what to make of his repellently fascinating cousin Alvin, who has come home from the war in Europe minus a leg. But even those postage stamps lose their innocence. Philip dreams of their national park icons being covered by swastikas, and when the collection is eventually lost, anti-semitism is directly to blame: under the new Homestead 42 scheme, the Roths have been “selected” for relocation to Kentucky, and it’s while running away in the middle of the night to avoid exile that Philip mislays his most treasured possession.

As it turns out, the Roths avoid the ultimate catastrophe. But Philip’s worst-best friend Seldon is less fortunate. There’s a hauntingly familiar moment when Seldon, at home alone in Kentucky when his mother Selma fails to return from work, is given painstaking instructions by Philip’s mother over the phone from Newark on how to make himself toast for supper. Seldon fears the worst (“Now both my parents are dead”) and he’s right to. By this point, two years into Lindy’s presidency, killings and riots have begun and many Jews are fleeing over the border into Canada. The nadir is the assassination of the Jewish journalist and broadcaster Walter Winchell, a prominent critic of government policy. In truth, as we learn from Roth’s postscript, Winchell lived on for 30 more years. But the alternative history which Roth imagines for him, including a detailed account of his vast funeral in 1942, seems more realistic than the reality of Winchell becoming a McCarthyite in the 50s and dying in obscurity.

The postscript, with its short biographies and list of sources, gives us the facts – the ground on which Roth has built his house of fiction. It’s instructive yet also redundant. What matters isn’t the reality that underpins the novel, but the reality it creates for itself. And The Plot Against America creates its reality magisterially, in long, fluid sentences that carry you beyond scepticism and with a quotidian attentiveness to sights and sounds, tastes and smells, surnames and nicknames and brandnames – an accumulation of des petits faits vrais – that dissolves any residual disbelief.

Young Philip’s greatest epiphany is to recognise the difference between history as taught in school – harmless and inevitable – and history as it’s lived through, “the relentless unforeseen”. His novel is a different kind of history again, an imagined past which, if we learn from it, might save us from a calamitous future. It’s not Roth’s funniest novel (and there’s hardly any sex). But in its sweep and chutzpah, it ranks with his great trilogy of the late-90s. Isn’t it time they gave him the Nobel?

 

What is Pushing Mongo

What is Pushing Mongo? Should skateboarding be used?

Currently skateboarding is becoming a good sport for health and many participants. You want to play the skateboard to learn the necessary skills. Players must comply with the skills to play well. Currently there are many errors when many people suffer from skateboarding. One of them is Pushing Mongo. So what is Pushing Mongo?

Find out about information related to Pushing Mango         

What is Pushing Mongo?

Push Mongo just like Skateboard Mongo. These terms are only ways that players have wrong skateboarding. Meaning you use the front leg to move the board forward. At the same time, you put the following legs in the wrong position between the chessboard. Meanwhile using the push board moves forward properly to use the rear leg.

This way of playing only those who are new to skateboarding, do not have much experience encountered. If you are a newcomer with this subject, pay attention. Otherwise it will form a bad habit and not a professional skateboard.

Pushing Mango is a posture not to do                   

How is Pushing right in skateboarding?

Even if you are a beginner, don’t push Mongo. But refer to the right ways to form good habits. After that only regular practice will become professional.

How to push many people who apply are the front legs to near the wheels of the front and back skis are pushed. Foot-legged legs are like many other ordinary people. As you use the left leg to bring it up to the front, it’s a goofy posture.

Why do professional skateboards don’t like Mongo posture?

In fact, people do not show the prohibition of pushing Mongo. However, it was judged by the submerged community and provided regulations to comply with. Pushing Mongo is wrong, people will condemn and mock themselves.

So why are people so prejudiced? Skateboarding does not have any binding. Every posture can be creative in its own style. Young skateboarding athletes have continuous innovations in how to play. They always want to create new and eye-catching steps. But if you push Mongo, those styles will be pushed back. In fact, pushing Mongo is extremely bad.

In recent times, the skating athletes have condemned Mango. They offered criticism and mockery with that action when skating.

                   

Why push Mongo into a bad posture?

It’s not natural that people hate this posture. But it has a lot of drawbacks that professional skateboarding athletes do not like. Some specific reasons:

  • Pushing Mongo is not the same as other poses that look strange.
  • If you use a suitable posture, it will take very little time. On the contrary, pushing Mongo takes a lot of time because the foot needs more impact.
  • You will not be rested but must constantly need the following legs. After that the skateboard tail will not be able to move quickly.
  • The skateboarder will be very difficult to go to the cracks with Mongo push posture. Only when placing the right posture, can you lift the nose and jump over the crack.
  • Pushing Mongo also slows down the movement speed. With flip-flip tips, it’s really impossible.

Through sharing information, surely you already know what is pushing mongo? East you also understand more that should not make that posture. However in some cases people can still use it.

But it is best not to use this posture when starting. Because it will make you form bad habits. When they were accustomed to Pushing Mongo, it was difficult to play the right posture. Having become a professional skateboarding athlete is impossible. Please note what is pushing mongo and limit its use.

best books of the 21st century part 3

The 100 best books of the 21st century – part 3

71. Jimmy Corrigan: The Smartest Kid on Earth

by Chris Ware (2000)

At the time when Ware won the Guardian first book award, no graphic novel had previously won a generalist literary prize. Emotional and artistic complexity are perfectly poised in this account of a listless 36-year-old office dogsbody who is thrown into an existential crisis by an encounter with his estranged dad.

72. The Age of Surveillance Capitalism

by Shoshana Zuboff (2019)

An agenda-setting book that is devastating about the extent to which big tech sets out to manipulate us for profit. Not simply another expression of the “techlash”, Zuboff’s ambitious study identifies a new form of capitalism, one involving the monitoring and shaping of our behaviour, often without our knowledge, with profound implications for democracy. “Once we searched Google, but now Google searches us.”

73. Nothing to Envy

by Barbara Demick (2009)

Los Angeles Times journalist Barbara Demick interviewed around 100 North Korean defectors for this propulsive work of narrative non-fiction, but she focuses on just six, all from the north-eastern city of Chongjin – closed to foreigners and less media-ready than Pyongyang. North Korea is revealed to be rife with poverty, corruption and violence but populated by resilient people with a remarkable ability to see past the propaganda all around them.

74. Days Without End

by Sebastian Barry (2016)

In this savagely beautiful novel set during the Indian wars and American civil war, a young Irish boy flees famine-struck Sligo for Missouri. There he finds lifelong companionship with another emigrant, and they join the army on its brutal journey west, laying waste to Indian settlements. Viscerally focused and intense, yet imbued with the grandeur of the landscape, the book explores love, gender and survival with a rare, luminous power.

75. Drive Your Plow Over the Bones of the Dead

by Olga Tokarczuk (2009), translated by Antonia Lloyd-Jones (2018)

In this existential eco-thriller, a William Blake-obsessed eccentric investigates the murders of men and animals in a remote Polish village. More accessible and focused than Flights, the novel that won Tokarczuk the Man International Booker prize, it is no less profound in its examination of how atavistic male impulses, emboldened by the new rightwing politics of Europe, are endangering people, communities and nature itself.

76. Thinking, Fast and Slow

by Daniel Kahneman (2011)

The Nobel laureate’s unexpected bestseller, on the minutiae of decision-making, divides the brain into two. System One makes judgments quickly, intuitively and automatically, as when a batsman decides whether to cut or pull. System Two is slow, calculated and deliberate, like long division. But psychologist Kahneman argues that, although System Two thinks it is in control, many of our decisions are really made by System One.

77. Signs Preceding the End of the World

by Yuri Herrera (2009), translated by Lisa Dillman (2015)

Makina sets off from her village in Mexico with a package from a local gangster and a message for her brother, who has been gone for three years. The story of her crossing to the US examines the blurring of boundaries, the commingling of languages and the blending of identities that complicate the idea of an eventual return.

78. The Fifth Season

by NK Jemisin (2015)

Jemisin became the first African American author to win the best novel category at the Hugo awards for her first book in the Broken Earth trilogy. In her intricate and richly imagined far future universe, the world is ending, ripped apart by relentless earthquakes and volcanoes. Against this apocalyptic backdrop she explores urgent questions of power and enslavement through the eyes of three women. “As this genre finally acknowledges that the dreams of the marginalised matter and that all of us have a future,” she said in her acceptance speech, “so will go the world. (Soon, I hope.)”

79. The Spirit Level

by Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett (2009)

An eye-opening study, based on overwhelming evidence, which revealed
that among rich countries, the “more equal societies almost always do
better” for all. Growth matters less than inequality, the authors
argued: whether the issue is life expectancy, infant mortality, crime
rates, obesity, literacy or recycling, the Scandinavian countries,
say, will always win out over, say, the UK.

80. Stories of Your Life and Others

by Ted Chiang (2002)

Melancholic and transcendent, Chiang’s eight, high-concept sci-fi stories exploring the nature of language, maths, religion and physics racked up numerous awards and a wider audience when ‘Story of Your Life’ was adapted into the 2016 film Arrival.

81. Harvest

by Jim Crace (2013)

Crace is fascinated by the moment when one era gives way to another. Here, it is the enclosure of the commons, a fulcrum of English history, that drives his story of dispossession and displacement. Set in a village without a name, the narrative dramatises what it’s like to see the world you know come to an end, in a severance of the connection between people and land that has deep relevance for our time of climate crisis and forced migration.

82. Coraline

by Neil Gaiman (2002)

From the Sandman comics to his fantasy epic American Gods to Twitter, Gaiman towers over the world of books. But this perfectly achieved children’s novella, in which a plucky young girl enters a parallel world where her “Other Mother” is a spooky copy of her real-life mum, with buttons for eyes, might be his finest hour: a properly scary modern myth which cuts right to the heart of childhood fears and desires.

83. Tell Me How It Ends

by Valeria Luiselli (2016), translated by Luiselli with Lizzie Davis (2017)

As the hysteria over immigration to the US began to build in 2015, the Mexican novelist volunteered to work as an interpreter in New York’s federal immigration court. In this powerful series of essays she tells the poignant stories of the children she met, situating them in the wider context of the troubled relationship between the Americas.

84. The Cost of Living

by Deborah Levy (2018)

Dazzling memoir … Deborah Levy.

“Chaos is supposed to be what we most fear but I have come to believe it might be what we most want … ” The second part of Levy’s “living memoir”, in which she leaves her marriage, is a fascinating companion piece to her deep yet playful novels. Feminism, mythology and the daily grind come together for a book that combines emotion and intellect to dazzling effect.

85. The God Delusion

by Richard Dawkins (2006)

A key text in the days when the “New Atheism” was much talked about, The God Delusion is a hard-hitting attack on religion, full of Dawkins’s confidence that faith produces fanatics and all arguments for God are ridiculous. What the evolutionary biologist lacks in philosophical sophistication, he makes up for in passion, and the book sold in huge numbers.

86. Adults in the Room

by Yanis Varoufakis (2017)

This memoir by the leather-jacketed economist of the six months he spent as Greece’s finance minister in 2015 at a time of economic and political crisis has been described as “one of the best political memoirs ever written”. He comes up against the IMF, the European institutions, Wall Street, billionaires and media owners and is told how the system works – as a result, his book is a telling description of modern power.

87. Priestdaddy

by Patricia Lockwood (2017)

This may not be the only account of living in a religious household in the American midwest (in her youth, the author joined a group called God’s Gang, where they spoke in tongues), but it is surely the funniest. The author started out as the “poet laureate of Twitter”; her language is brilliant, and she has a completely original mind.

88. Noughts & Crosses

by Malorie Blackman (2001)

Set in an alternative Britain, this groundbreaking piece of young adult fiction sees black people, called the Crosses, hold all the power and influence, while the noughts – white people – are marginalised and segregated. The former children’s laureate’s series is a crucial work for explaining racism to young readers.

89. Bad Blood

by Lorna Sage (2000)

A Whitbread prizewinning memoir, full of perfectly chosen phrases,
that is one of the best accounts of family dysfunction ever written.
Sage grew up with her grandparents, who hated each other: he was a drunken philandering vicar; his wife, having found his diaries,
blackmailed him and lived in another part of the house. The
author gets unwittingly pregnant at 16, yet the story has a happy
ending.

90. Visitation

by Jenny Erpenbeck (2008), translated by Susan Bernofsky (2010)

A grand house by a lake in the east of Germany is both the setting and main character of Erpenbeck’s third novel. The turbulent waves of 20th-century history crash over it as the house is sold by a Jewish family fleeing the Third Reich, requisitioned by the Russian army, reclaimed by exiles returning from Siberia, and sold again.

91. Light

by M John Harrison (2002)

One of the most underrated prose writers demonstrates the literary firepower of science fiction at its best. Three narrative strands – spanning far-future space opera, contemporary unease and virtual-reality pastiche – are braided together for a breathtaking metaphysical voyage in pursuit of the mystery at the heart of reality.

92. The Siege

by Helen Dunmore (2001)

The Levin family battle against starvation in this novel set during the German siege of Leningrad. Anna digs tank traps and dodges patrols as she scavenges for wood, but the hand of history is hard to escape.

93. darkmans

by Nicola Barker (2007)

British fiction’s most anarchic author is as prolific as she is playful, but this freewheeling, visionary epic set around the Thames Gateway is her magnum opus. Barker brings her customary linguistic invention and wild humour to a tale about history’s hold on the present, as contemporary Ashford is haunted by the spirit of a medieval jester.

94. The Tipping Point

by Malcolm Gladwell (2000)

The New Yorker staff writer examines phenomena from shoe sales to crime rates through the lens of epidemiology, reaching his own tipping point, when he became a rock-star intellectual and unleashed a wave of quirky studies of contemporary society. Two decades on, Gladwell is often accused of oversimplification and cherry picking, but his idiosyncratic bestsellers have helped shape 21st-century culture.

95. Chronicles: Volume One

by Bob Dylan (2004)

Dylan’s reticence about his personal life is a central part of the singer-songwriter’s brand, so the gaps and omissions in this memoir come as no surprise. The result is both sharp and dreamy, sliding in and out of different phases of Dylan’s career but rooted in his earliest days as a Woody Guthrie wannabe in New York City. Fans are still waiting for volume two.

96. A Little Life

by Only Yanagihara (2015)

This operatically harrowing American gay melodrama became an unlikely bestseller, and one of the most divisive novels of the century so far. One man’s life is blighted by abuse and its aftermath, but also illuminated by love and friendship. Some readers wept all night, some condemned it as titillating and exploitative, but no one could deny its power.

97. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

by JK Rowling (2000)

A generation grew up on Rowling’s all-conquering magical fantasies, but countless adults have also been enthralled by her immersive world. Book four, the first of the doorstoppers, marks the point where the series really takes off. The Triwizard Tournament provides pace and tension, and Rowling makes her boy wizard look death in the eye for the first time.

98. The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo

by Stieg Larsson (2005), translated by Steven T Murray (2008)

Radical journalist Mikael Blomkvist forms an unlikely alliance with troubled young hacker Lisbeth Salander as they follow a trail of murder and malfeasance connected with one of Sweden’s most powerful families in the first novel of the bestselling Millennium trilogy. The high-level intrigue beguiled millions of readers, brought “Scandi noir” to prominence and inspired innumerable copycats.

99. Broken Glass

by Alain Mabanckou (2005), translated by Helen Stevenson (2009)

The Congolese writer says he was “trying to break the French language” with Broken Glass – a black comedy told by a disgraced teacher without much in the way of full stops or paragraph breaks. As Mabanckou’s unreliable narrator munches his “bicycle chicken” and drinks his red wine, it becomes clear he has the history of Congo-Brazzaville and the whole of French literature in his sights.

100. I Feel Bad About My Neck

by Nora Ephron (2006)

Perhaps better known for her screenwriting (SilkwoodWhen Harry Met SallyHeartburn), Ephron’s brand of smart theatrical humour is on best display in her essays. Confiding and self-deprecating, she has a way of always managing to sound like your best friend – even when writing about her apartment on New York’s Upper West Side. This wildly enjoyable collection includes her droll observations about ageing, vanity – and a scorching appraisal of Bill Clinton.

 

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